The name Hamas has frequently dominated headlines, causing many people to ask, “Who is Hamas?” It is a Palestinian terrorist organization that governs the Gaza Strip. On October 7, 2023, Hamas launched a massive surprise attack on southern Israel, killing more than 1,400 men, women and children while taking hundreds of innocent civilians as hostages. They are in league with ISIS, Al Qaeda, the Taliban, and Hezbollah and have been at the center of numerous conflicts with Israel. But what is the story behind this terorist group, and what drives its actions? This guide will explore the origins, goals, and strategies of Hamas, as well as its impact on ordinary Palestinians and the international community’s stance on the movement.